ibn Mas’ood and the ‘Uthmani Mushaf: Tafsir ibn Kathir
What the Memorizer of the Qur’an Ought to Know: Makki ibn Abi Taalib
— Read on tulayhah.wordpress.com/2018/09/20/what-the-memorizer-of-the-quran-ought-to-know-makki-ibn-abi-taalib/
Who Memorized the Qur’an During the Lifetime of the Prophet: Tafsir ibn Kathir
— Read on tulayhah.wordpress.com/2018/09/24/who-memorized-the-quran-during-the-lifetime-of-the-prophet-tafsir-ibn-kathir/
Scientific Miracles in the Quran and making Tafsir using contemporary theories – Shaikh Saalih al-Fawzaan
Question: We hear a lot about what is called scientific miracles in the Quran. So is it allowed to attach it to the miracles of the Quran and to the revelation of the verses of the Quran about these issues [science issues]?
Answer: We spoke about this more than once and we have warned against it. We said: it is not allowed to make tafsir of the words of Allah except with the principles of well-known Tafsir: that is to explain the Quran by the Quran, explain it by the Sunnah, and with the explanation/exegesis of the Companions and Tabi’een and not to increase on this. The Quran is not explained b new theories because they are mistaken and correct. They are the speech of humans and the actions of humans. So we do not make it Tafsir of the speech of Allah. We do not say: this is the intent of Allah by this verse. This is speech about Allah without knowledge. And how many theories used to be sound today and after a short time became mistaken, a lie, and a theory other than it comes.
وَمَآ أُوتِيتُم مِّن الْعِلْمِ إِلاَّ قَلِيلاً
And of knowledge, you (mankind) have been given only a little [17:85]
So it is not allowed that we explain the Quran by these things and we do not say: this is from the scientific miracles.
[Taken from: al-Ijaabaat-ul-Muhimmah fil Mashaakil il-Mudlahimah pg. 219-220 no. 185]
Faisal ibn Abdul Qaadir ibn HassanAbu Sulaymaan
Shaikha Umm Abdillah al-Waad’iyyah (may Allah preserve her) said:
“A person from the people complained to my father (may Allah have mercy upon him) that he cannot memorize the Quran because he is busy. So I heard him say: The one with high ambitions, nothing will prevent him. One of our brothers memorized the Quran and he was a cook”
Faisal bin Abdul Qaadir bin Hassan
From the advice of Shaykh Muhammad Ibraheem Al-Misree حفظه الله concerning some of the people who don’t finish the memorization of the Qur’an in it’s totality, he said:
1) They are of those without intention – seeking dunya and not the face of Allahu ‘azza wa jal
2) Their understanding is corrupted, in the sense of they may look at fulaan and say “he hasn’t memorized it neither”.
3) They don’t prioritize their time with Qur’an or busy themselves with it.
The Shaykh then mentioned that majority of the people fall into second or third category.
22 Shawaal 1438
*A Beautiful recitation*
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم: قال الله تعالى في القرآن
وَالْأَرْضَ مَدَدْنَاهَا وَأَلْقَيْنَا فِيهَا رَوَاسِيَ وَأَنبَتْنَا فِيهَا مِن كُلِّ زَوْجٍ بَهِيجٍ
And the earth! We have spread it out, and set thereon mountains standing firm, and have produced therein every kind of lovely growth (plants).
تَبْصِرَةً وَذِكْرَىٰ لِكُلِّ عَبْدٍ مُّنِيبٍ
An insight and a Reminder for every slave turning to Allah (i.e. the one who believes in Allah and performs deeds of His obedience, and always begs His pardon).
Qaf: 7-8 (Muhsin Khan translation)
Sheikh Muqbil ibn Haadee al-Waadi’ee was asked:
نص السؤال: هل حفظ القرآن الكريم واجب على المسلم أم التدبر والعمل به ؟
Question: Is memorizing the Qur’an an obligation for the Muslim, or is contemplating it and acting in accordance with it what is obligatory?
نص الإجابة: التدبر بمعانيه والعمل به وأحكامه هو الواجب ، وأما الحفظ ففضيلة عظيمة ؛ ” الماهر بالقرآن مع السفرة الكرام البررة ، والذي يقرأه ويتتعتع فيه وهو عليه شاق له أجران ” ، ويقول النبي – صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم – : ” يقال لصحاب القرآن : اقرأ وارتق ورتل كما كنت ترتل في الدنيا فإن منزلتك عند آخر آية تقرأءها ” ، وكان النبي – صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم – يشجع أصحابه على حفظ القرآن وعلى تعلم القرآن فقال كما في حديث عقبة بن عامر عند مسلم : ” لئن يغدو أحدكم إلى المسجد فيتعلم آيه خير له من ناقة ، وآيتين خير له من ناقتين ، وثلاث وأربع خيرٌ له من أعدادهن ” . ـ
Response: Contemplating its meanings and acting in accordance with it and its rulings is what is obligatory. As for memorization, then that is a excellent virtue.
The one who is skilled in the Qur’an will be with the noble righteous recording angels, and the one who recites while experiencing difficulty in doing so, stumbling over it, will have two rewards.
And the Prophet (ﷺ) also said:
It will be said to the one who has any of the Qur’an memorized, “Recite and ascend in rank. Recite in the same manner and speed that used to recite during the worldly life, and your rank will be at the last ayah that your recite.”
And the Prophet (ﷺ) used to encourage his companions to memorize the Qur’an and to study the Qur’an, just as he said in the hadeeth of ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir recorded by Muslim:
If any one of you goes out to the masjid in the morning and learns a single ayah, that is better for him than a camel. And two ayaat would be better for him than two camels. And three or four would be better for him than the same number of camels.
فهي فضيلة عظيمة ومنزلة رفيعة ” خيركم من تعلم القرآن وعلمه ” ، وكان النبي – صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم – يرى لحفظة القرآن منزلة عظيمة في عهده ، فقد قال ذات مرة وسالم مولى أبي حذيفة يصلي فوقف النبي – صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم – يستمع لقراءته وقال : ” الحمد لله الذي جعل في أمتي مثل هذا ” ، وفي ذات ليلة مر على أبي موسى الأشعري وهو يصلي فسمع صوته وأعجبه وفي الصباح قال : ” يا أبا موسى لو رايتني وأنا أستمع لقراءتك ” وكان قد قال : ” لقد أوتي أبو موسى مزماراً من مزامير آل داود ” ، فقال أبو موسى : لو علمت أنك تستمع لحبرته لك تحبيراً أي زينته لك تزيناً . ـ
So memorizing the Qur’an is an excellent virtue and holds a high position.
And the Prophet (ﷺ) used to hold the memorization of the Qur’an in great standing during his time, for once when Saalim Mawla Abi Hudhayfah was praying, the Prophet (ﷺ) stopped to listen to his recitation of the Qur’an and said, “Praise be to Allah who placed the likes of this person in my ummah.” And one night he passed by Abu Moosaa al-Ash’ari while he was praying and was amazed when he heard his voice, so in the morning he said, “O Abu Moosaa, if you had seen me, I was listening to your recitation.” And he also said, “Abu Moosaa has been given a melodious voice like the melodious voices of the family of Dawood.” And so Abu Moosaa replied, “If I had known that you were listening, I would have refined it for you” – meaning, I would have made it more beautiful for you.
فالقصد أن حفظ القرآن منزلة رفيعة وكان الصحابة يتنافسون في هذا والتابعون ، وأنا أقول : الذي يحفظ القرآن يكون في مواعظه أبلغ من الذي لا يحفظه لأنه ما شاء الله يستحضر الآيات ويذكرها ، وكذلك أيضاً تسهل عليه كثيرٌ من العلوم إذا كان يحفظ القرآن والله المستعان . ـ
So the point is that memorization of the Qur’an holds a high status and the Sahabah used to compete in that, as did the Taabi’oon. And I say: one who has memorized the Qur’an has something more ready and effective in terms of a reminder than one who has not memorized it, for he is able – as Allah wills – to bring its ayaat to mind and remember them. And also in that vein, many of the fields of Islamic knowledge will be made easier for him when he has memorized the Qur’an. And Allah is the One whose aid is sought.