Reckoning on the Day of Resurrection
Q 6: What will the reckoning on the Day of Resurrection be like? Will every Ummah (nation) be called to account using its own language, or what? What is the wisdom behind Resurrection, though it is well known that Allah is All-knowing of the affairs of His Creation?
A: Reckoning on the Day of Resurrection is for every person to know their good and bad deeds in worldly life by reading their own record of deeds, which they will receive either with the right or left hand, and acknowledge that there is nothing written in it that they have not done. Anyone who denies what is in the record of their deeds, their skin and organs will testify to what they have done. Allah (Exalted be He) says: On the Day when their tongues, their hands, and their legs (or feet) will bear witness against them as to what they used to do. And: This Day, We shall seal up their mouths, and their hands will speak to Us, and their legs will bear witness to what they used to earn. (It is said that one’s left thigh will be the first to bear the witness). [Tafsir At-Tabarî,] And: And (remember) the Day that the enemies of Allâh will be gathered to the Fire, then they will be driven [(to the Fire), former ones being withheld till their later ones will join them]. Till, when they reach it (Hell-fire), their hearing (ears) and their eyes, and their skins will testify against them as to what they used to do. And they will say to their skins, “Why do you testify against us?” They will say: “Allâh has caused us to speak as He causes all things to speak: and He created you the first time, and to Him you are made to return.” The wisdom behind the reckoning is:Showing the perfection of Allah’s Justice and confronting His servants with the irrefutable evidence as to what they did in this world.
May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions.
Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
|`Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan||`Abdul-Razzaq `Afify||`Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz|