How to fast during Ramadhan
Fasting during the holy month of Ramadhan is an obligation (i.e one without health issues) on every Muslim, here is a diagram on how to fast during Ramadhan:
In fasting the six days of Shawwal, is it necessary that the days be consecutive or is there no harm in fasting them separately (spread out) during the month?
Fasting six days of Shawwal is a confirmed Sunnah from the Messanger of Allah-Sallallahu alaihi wasallam. It is permissible to fast them consecutively and separately. This is because the Messanger- Sallallahu alaihi wasallam- mentioned their fast unrestrictedly and he did not mention that they should be done consecutively or separated. This was when he said: Whoever fasts Ramadhan, and then follows it up with six (days of fasting) from Shawwal, then that is as if he fasted the entire time(i.e.,year) This was recorded by Imam Muslim in his Sahih. And success is from Allah.
1.Muslim no. 1164.
Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Bin Baz
Fatawa Islamiyah Page no. 335 Vol: 2
Tonight is the 27th of Ramadan, which is possibly laytul qadr. As comes in the Hadith:
إِنَّهَا لَيْلَةُ سَابِعَةٍ أَوْ تَاسِعَةٍ وَعِشْرِينَ، وَإِنَّ الْمَلَائِكَةَ تِلْكَ اللَّيْلَةَ فِي الْأَرْضِ أَكْثَرُ مِنْ عَدَدِ الْحَصَى
Verily, it is during the twenty-seventh or the twenty-ninth night. And verily, the angels who are on the earth during that night are more numerous than the number of pebbles
[Reported by Imam Ahmad and graded Hasan by al-Albani in Silsilatus-Saheeha no. 2205]
1. Taking a Shower and Wearing Good Clothing and Perfume
Ibn Rajab rahimahullah said:
“Ibn Jareer said: They used to recommend to shower every night of the last ten nights and an-Nakhai used to shower in every night from them and he used to shower and uses perfume in the nights which he hoped was laytul Qadr…[until he said]…Thabit said: Tamim ad-Daari used to have a hulla (type of clothing) which he bought for 1000 dinars and wore it on the night he hoped was laytul-Qadr. So like this it is recommended in the night which it is hoped to be laytul-Qadr to clean oneself, adorn, use perfume, shower, wear good clothing as it is legislated for Jummah’s and the Eids. Like this, it is legislated to wear adornment in all the prayers as Allah, the Exalted said:
خُذُوا زِينَتَكُمْ عِنْدَ كُلِّ مَسْجِدٍ
O Children of Adam! Take your adornment (by wearing your clean clothes), while praying
Ibn Umar radiallahu anahumma said: Allah has more right that you beautify yourself for him. It was also reported as a Hadith raised to the Prophet sallahu alayhi wa salam [Saheeh Jami no. 652]”
[Taken from Lataaif al-Maarif pg. 189]
2. Standing for Qiyaam ul-Layl/Tahajjud
وَمَنْ قَامَ لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ إِيمَانًا وَاحْتِسَابًا غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ
and he who observed prayer on Lailat-ul- Qadr with faith and seeking reward (from Allah), all his previous sins would be forgiven
[Saheeh al-Bukhari no. 1901 and Muslim no. 760]
3. Making the Dua.
A Muslim should made the following dua on Laytul-Qadr, which the Prophet sallahu alayhi wa salam taught Aisha radiallahu anha:
قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اَللَّهِ : أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ عَلِمْتُ أَيَّ لَيْلَةٍ لَيْلَةُ اَلْقَدْرِ, مَا أَقُولُ فِيهَا? قَالَ: ” قُولِي: اَللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ تُحِبُّ اَلْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي
A’isha (RAA) narrated, ‘I asked the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) ‘O Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), if I know what night the night of Qadr is, what should I say during it?’ He said, “Say:
O Allah, You are the Pardoner and You love to pardon, so pardon me.”
[Saheeh Tirmidhi no. 2513]
So Aisha radiallahu anha asked what she should say when she knows its Laytul Qadr. This is because Laytul Qadr is known by its signs:
Imam Shawkani rahimahullah said:
وفيه دليل على إمكان معرفة ليلة القدر وبقائها
“And it is evidence for the possibility of knowing Laytul Qadr and that it still remains ”
This dua should only to be read when we believe it is Laytul Qadr as that is what Aisha asked and the Prophet sallahu alayhi wa salam instructed:
Imam Shawkani rahimahullah said:
دليل على استحباب الدعاء في هذه الليلة بهذه الكلمات
“It is evidence for the recommendation of supplicating in this night with these words”
The Scholars also mention that one can increase upon this dua by asking Allah what he/she needs [See Sharm Mumti’ (6/498)]
What are the Signs of Laytul-Qadr?
Laytul Qadr has signs through which a person can determine it.
Shaikh Ibn ul-‘Uthaymeen rahimahullah said:
“Laytul Qadr has signs that are occur during the night and signs afterwards. As for the signs that occur on the night, they are:
Strong light in that night. This is a sign that in this present time cannot be noticed except by those in a land far away from the lights
Tranquility: the tranquility of the heart and expanding of the chest of the believer. He will find a comfort and tranquility and expansion of the chest that night more than he will find in other nights
That Allah may show person the night in his dream as it happened to some of the Companions radiallahu anhum
That a person will find pleasure and enthusiasm in the standing for prayer more than he will find in other nights
As for the signs afterwards:
Then from it is the sun will rise in the morning smooth without rays, which is not its custom in the remaining days. As for what is mentioned of decrease in dogs barking or not barking at all, then this is not correct. In sometimes a person notices all ten nights that the dogs do not bark and are not quiet. A person may say: what is the benefit of the signs afterwards? The answer: is to give the hard worker a glad tiding in the night and to strengthen his Iman and affirmation. It will increase his hope in what he did that night”
[Sharh Mumti’ (6/497)]
The Prophet sallahu alayhi wa salam mentioned the signs in the following Hadith:
إِنَّ أَمَارَةَ لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ أَنَّهَا صَافِيَةٌ بَلْجَةٌ، كَأَنَّ فِيهَا قَمَرًا سَاطِعًا، سَاكِنَةٌ سَاجِيَةٌ، لَا بَرْدَ فِيهَا وَلَا حَرَّ، وَلَا يَحِلُّ لِكَوْكَبٍ يُرْمَى بِهِ فِيهَا حَتْى يُصْبِحَ، وَإِنَّ أَمَارَتَهَا أَنَّ الشَّمْسَ صَبِيحَتَهَا تَخْرُجُ مُسْتَوِيَةً لَيْسَ لَهَا شُعَاعٌ، مِثْلَ الْقَمَرِ لَيْلَةَ الْبَدْرِ، وَلَا يَحِلُّ لِلشَّيْطَانِ أَنْ يَخْرُجَ مَعَهَا يَوْمَئِذ
Verily, the sign of the Night of Al-Qadr is that it is pure and glowing as if there were a bright, tranquil, calm moon during it. It is not cold, nor is it hot, and no shooting star is permitted until morning. Its sign is that the sun appears on the morning following it smooth having no rays on it, just like the moon on a full moon night. Shaytan is not allowed to come out with it (the sun) on that day
[Reported by Imam Ahmad and others. Graded Good by Hafidh Ibn Kathir in his Tafsir of Surah Qadr]
And Allah Knows Best
Faisal Ibn Abdul Qaadir Ibn Hassan
Question: How does taking oneself to account done in Ramadan?
Answer: “Taking oneself to account is completed by everyone remembering their actions and remembering what has occurred from them of sin and opposition. Then repent to Allah. Everyone knows himself and everyone knows his actions”
Faisal Ibn Abdul Qaadir Ibn Hassan
The issue of Ta’qeeb (dividing between taraweeh and tahajjud), which is commonly done in the last ten nights of Ramadan.
Imam Ibn Qudamah rahimahullah said:
“As for Ta’qeeb and it is to pray voluntary prayers after Taraweeh in congregation or to pray Taraweeh in another congregation, it is reported from Ahmad that there is no harm in it because Anas ibn Malik said: They do not return [to pray again] except for good for which they hope or evil they warn against. He did not see any harm in it. Muhammad ibn Hakam reported from Ahmad a dislike except that it is an older statement and what is acted upon what was reported by the Jam’ah (majority)”
I (Faisal) say: The narration of Anas ibn Malik radiallahu anhu is reported by Ibn Abi Shaybah with the following wording:
حَدَّثَنَا عَبَّادٌ، عَنْ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ قَالَ: «لَا بَأْسَ بِهِ إِنَّمَا يَرْجِعُونَ إِلَى خَيْرٍ يَرْجُونَهُ، وَيَبْرَءُونَ مِنْ شَرٍّ يَخَافُونَهُ
Anas ibn Malik radiallahu anhu said: “There is no harm in it. They are returning to good which they hope for and free themselves from evil which they fear”
It’s chain is Saheeh.
The Opinion of the Other Salaf:
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرٍ قَالَ: ثنا عَبَّادُ بْنُ عَوَّامٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ: أَنَّهُمَا كَانَا يَكْرَهَانِ التَّعْقِيبَ فِي رَمَضَانَ
Qatadah said: “They both disliked Ta’qeeb in Ramadan”
[Reported by Ibn Abi Shaybah and the chain is Saheeh]
حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، قَالَ: ثنا الرَّبِيعُ، عَنِ الْحَسَنِ: أَنَّهُ كَرِهَ التَّعْقِيبَ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ، قَالَ الْحَسَنُ: لَا تُمِلُّوا النَّاسَ
On the authority of Hasan al-Basri: that he disliked Ta’qeeb in the month of Ramadan and said: “Do not bore the people”
[Reported by Ibn Abi Shaybah with a Hasan chain]
Hafidh Ibn Rajab rahimahullah wrote:
“Sufyan ath-Thawri said: Ta’qeeb is an innovation. From our Companions is the one who is certain of its dislike except if it is after sleep or it is delayed after the middle of the night. They made a condition: that they have to pray witr in congregation in their first night prayer. This is the statement of Ibn Haamid and al-Qaadi and his companions. Imam Ahmad did not place any conditions. Most jurists are of the opinion that it is not disliked in any condition. al-Hasan disliked that the Imam order the people with ta’qeeb due to what is in it of difficulty. He said: whoever has strength, then let him do that for himself and not for the people”.
[Fathul Bari (7/114)]
Shaikh al-Albani rahimahullah also considered it an innovation.
He was asked: What occurs nowadays, oh Shaikh, in Ramadan in the last ten nights of Raamadan, they divide the prayer. The night pray in the first part of the night and at its end. This is a continuous system.
[Silsialtul Huda wan-Nur no. 719]
However, most of the other Scholars do not consider it an innovation. They permit it. Other Scholars mention it is still disliked because the Prophet sallahu alayhi wa salam did not do it.
Shaikh Ibn ul-‘Uthaymeen rahimahullah:
“However, if this ta’qeeb comes after Taraweeh before witr, then the statement of it not being disliked is correct. This is the action of the people today in the last ten nights of Ramadan. The people pray Taraweeh in the first part of the night then return in the last part of the night and stand for Tahajjud”
[Sharh Mumti’ (4/67-68)]
Shaikh Fawzan hafidhuhallah said:
“If a person prayed Taraweeh and prayed witr with the Imam, then stood in the night for tahajjud, then there is no preventative for that. And he does not repeat the witr, rather the witr he prayed with the Imam suffices him. He prays tahajjud in the night with what Allah makes easy for him and if he delays witr until the end of the night, then there is no harm. However, he will miss following the Imam and it is better to follow the Imam by praying witr with him due to the statement of the Prophet sallahu alayhi wa salam:
من قام مع الإمام حتى ينصرف ؛ كتب له قيام ليلة
Indeed, whoever stands (praying) with the Imam until he finished, then it is recorded for him that he prayed the whole night.
[Reported by Abu Dawood (2/51), Tirmidhi (3/147-148), Nasaai (3/83-84), Ibn Majah (1/420-421)]
So he follows the Imam and prays witr with him. This does not prevent him from standing at the end of the night and praying tahjjud with what is easy for him”
[al-Muntaqaa min Fatawa Fawzan no. 116]
Shaikh Muqbil ibn Haadi al-Waadi’ee rahimahullah was asked:
Question: There is a masjid that establishes taraweeh prayer after Isha. When the last ten nights enter, taraweeh is delayed until half of the night and it is called tahajjud. So is it allowed in the legislation to establish taraweeh which is after Isha and tahajjud which is prayed at the middle of the night due to dawah?
Answer: “The issue is allowed. This is allowed. However, what is better is restrict to what has come from the Prophet sallahu alayhi wa salam that he did not increase above twelve rakat in Ramadan or outside of Ramadan. After this also, the prayer at the end of the night is witnessed as comes in Saheeh Muslim that the Prophet sallahu alayhi wa salam said:
من خشي ألا يقوم آخر الليل فليصلِ أوله ، ومن طمع أن يقوم آخر الليل فليصلِ آخره ؛ فإن صلاة آخر الليل مشهودة
If anyone is afraid that he may not get up in the latter part of the night, he should observe Witr in the first part of it; and if anyone is eager to get up in the last part of it, he should observe Witr at the end of the night, for prayer at the end of the night is witnessed (by the angels) and that is preferable.
That is: witnessed by the Angels. So prayer at the end of the night is better although it is permissible to pray it in the first part of the night”
There are other fatwa from the Scholars clarifying that is is allowed. Taking everything into account, it seems that ta’qeeb is allowed, but disliked. It is preferable to pray only one night prayer in Ramadan following the Sunnah of the Prophet sallahu alayhi wa salam.
And Allah Knows Best
Faisal Ibn Abdul Qaadir Ibn Hassan
Question: Some people are extravagant in the food and drink. So we find the table full of different kinds of food?
Answer: “This opposes the Sunnah in the month of Ramadan. It is not a month of food and drink and satiety. Rather it is a month of fasting. He takes from the food what he needs during the iftar. As for having a variety of food and a variety of iftar and Ramadan then becomes a month of eating and drinking, not a month of fasting. One should lessen the food, especially since he will stand for the night and needs less food and drink. This is because if he fills his stomach with food and drink, he will be lazy for prayer and worship”.
Faisal Ibn Abdul Qaadir Ibn Hassan Abu Sulaymaan
Why is it called Ramadan?
Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Hizam hafidhuhallah wrote:
“It is called Ramadan because the sins are burned or destroyed during this month.
It was also said: This is because people burn [inside] due to the heat of hunger and the suffering of difficulty.
It was also said: When the names of the months were recorded from the old languages, the months were given due to the time in which they occurred. So this month coincided with the days of intense heat, so it was named by that”
[See: Ithaaf ul-Anaam bi Ahkaam wa Masaail as-Siyaam pg. 10]
Faisal Ibn Abdul Qaadir Ibn Hassan
The Prophet sallahu alayhi wa salam said:
“The people will remain on the right path as long as they hasten the breaking of the fast.”
[Saheeh al-Bukhari no. 1957]
The Prophet sallahu alayhi wa salam used to hasten to break the fast without waiting for the Muadhin:
“If he was fasting sallahu alayhi wa salam, he would order a man to ascend a high place. If he [the mann] said: the sun has set, he sallahu alayhi wa salam used to break his fast“
Shaikh al-Albani rahimahullah wrote commenting on the above Hadith:
“I say: in this Hadith is his concern sallahu alayhi wa salam to hasten…
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Muslims in Jamaica will join their brothers and sisters in Islam and start the annual ritual of fasting between dawn to dusk for the month of Ramadan. Ramadan will start on July 9, 2013 and will continue for 30 days until August 7, 2013. To the western mind, the fast of Ramadan may appear harsh and yet, over a billion believers gladly grasp the opportunity not only to engage in this fast but are saddened when the month comes to an end.
Muslims see the month of Ramadan as a special opportunity to come closer to their God. It is said Ramadan is the only month in which Muslims from all over the world share common experiences, like the feeling of hunger and thirst and relief on breaking the fast on evenings. Muslims believe that during this holy month all sins can be wiped out with fasting. The Holy Prophet…
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